HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF MOGPOG
For hundreds of years, the early settlers of Mogpog lived in small villages. Their means to survive were by hunting, fishing and gathering whatever they could take for food in a hostile environment. They lived a nomadic life searching for livelihood until they found a place where they built a permanent settlement. They learned the art of producing crops. When more food was produced, they began to live in communities. They chose a leader to govern them. They looked for a deeper meaning of life and expressed their feeling about the triumphs and challenges living in this world. The Municipality of Mogpog, a small town in the island-province of Marinduque was established in 1807 under a gobernadorcillio, which was later called “Capitan Municipal”, or Municipal Mayor. The word Mogpog was originated from the word ‘maapog’ meaning plenty of lime or “maapog”, the making or manufacture of lime. A “calero” or lime kiln, a place where lime was manufactured existed in its vicinity during the coming of the Spaniards who adopted that name. In the late 17th and 18th centuries, the place where now stands the poblacion of Mogpog, was rimmed with forested areas. Its center was a cultivated hill now known as Mataas na Bayan was the place then called Anapog planted with rice and root crops. People residing there were the lime makers. Their houses were made of native materials– cogon roof, palm leaf walls/nipa or “sasa” bamboo floors with round timber and bamboo as framework. When they were not tending the “calero” for lime manufacture, they fished at night. Others hunted wild animals for food, while others tended their farm as means of livelihood. “Apog” or lime played a big part in Spain’s effort to leave her legacy in architecture in our country. This was used in the construction of Boac Church and several public buildings in Marinduque. It was much needed and sought for in building construction as what cement is today.